KEMETIC SCIENCE

KEMETIC SCIENCE
Positive Progress Through The Benevolent Use Of Knowledge

Friday, April 30, 2010

TIMBUKTU GOLDEN AGE OF AFRICA











Salt comes from the north, gold from the south, and silver from the country of the white men, but the word of God and the treasures of wisdom are only to be found in Timbuktu.

An old West African proverb
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“The African love for knowledge, literature and learning although now filtered through the religion of Islam, never died. As it has been in the days of the early Egyptian Kingdom, so it was in the days of Askia Mohammed. In fact, Leo Africanus, a historian of the XVIth century wrote about Timbuktu:


There are many judges, doctors and clerics here, all receiving good salaries from King Askia Mohammed of the State of Songhay. He pays great respect to men of learning. There is a great demand for books, and more profit is made from the trade in books than from any other line of business.”

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The Timbuktu Manuscripts showing both mathematics and astronomy.

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By the 14th century, important books were written and copied in Timbuktu, establishing the city as the centre of a significant written tradition in Africa.


“Astronomy, botany, pharmacology, geometry, geography, chemistry, biology,” said Ali Imam Ben Essayouti, the descendant of a family of imams that keeps a vast library in one of the city’s mosques. “There is Islamic law, family law, women’s rights, human rights, laws regarding livestock, children’s rights. All subjects under the sun, they are represented here.”

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The manuscripts and libraries of Timbuktu

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The most outstanding treasure at Timbuktu are the 100,000 manuscripts kept by the great families from the town. These manuscripts, some of them dated from pre-Islamic times and 12th century, have been preserved as family secrets in the town and in other villages nearby. The majority were written in Arabic or Fulani, by wise men coming from the Mali Empire. Their contents are didactic, especially in the subjects of astronomy, music, and botany. More recent manuscripts deal with law, sciences and history (with the important 17th century chronicles, Tarikh al-fattash and Tarikh al-Sudan), religion, trade, etc.

The Ahmed Baba Institute (Cedrab), founded in 1970 by the government of Mali, with collaboration of Unesco, holds some of these manuscripts in order to restore and digitize them. More than 18,000 manuscripts have been collected by the Ahmed Baba centre, but there are an estimated 300,000-700,000 manuscripts in the region.


Dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, these manuscripts cover every aspect of human endeavor and are indicative of the high level of civilization attained by West Africans at the time. In testament to the glory of Timbuktu, for example, a West African Islamic proverb states that "Salt comes from the north, gold from the south, but the word of God and the treasures of wisdom come from Timbuktu."

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Goods coming the Mediterranean shores and salt were traded in Timbuktu for gold. The prosperity of the city attracted both black scholars, blacks merchants and Arabs traders from North Africa. Salt, books and gold were very much in demand at that time. Salt was came from Tegaza in the north, gold, from the immense gold mines of the Boure and Banbuk and books, were the refined work of the black scholars and scholars of the Sanhaja descent.











The Tuareg Messufa captured the salt mine of Tegaza and thus took control of the salt trade. The Messufa exported the salt to Timbuktu via camel caravans. This second factor that helps us better explain how the so-called manuscripts of Timbuktu evolved, developed and expanded throughout the whole empire. Thus, the intellectual importance of Timbuktu and the reasons it flourished are not exclusively based upon “strategic position.” It is important to convey that someone in a position of power was responsible for encouraging the attitude toward learning that prevailed in Timbuktu.As Dr. Molefi Asante has put it so conclusively in his book entitled, Classical Africa (page 134):


The first constructions in Timbuktu were designed by African architects from Djenne and later on by Muslim architects from North Africa. Trade and knowledge were at their height. It was at this time that the King of Sosso invaded the empire of Ghana, thus causing the exodus of the scholars of Walata to Timbuktu.


By the 12th century, Timbuktu became a celebrated center of Islamic learning and a commercial establishment. Timbuktu had three universities and 180 Quranic schools. These universities were the Sankore University, Jingaray Ber University and Sidi Yahya University.

This was the Golden Age of Africa. Books were not only written in Timbuktu, but they were also imported and copied there. There was an advanced local book copying industry in the city. The universities and private libraries contained unparalleled scholarly works. The famous scholar of Timbuktu Ahmad Baba who was among those forcibly exiled in Morocco claimed that his library of 1600 books had been plundered, and that his library, according to him, was one of the smaller in the city.


The booming economy of Timbuktu attracted the attention of the Emperor of Mali, Mansa Mussa (1307-1332) also known as “Kan Kan Mussa.”


In the annals of African history, no one has left more of an imprint on the outside world than Mansa Kankan Musa, ruler of Mali from 1312-37 A.D. Also known as Gongo Musa, he became one of the most powerful leaders of his time and was to make Mali's name renowned throughout the European and Islamic countries. Beginning in the 14th century, his name and that of Mali were to become synonymous with opulence, learning and justice.








Called by historians Musa the Magnificent, he was a very successful leader, celebrated for his enlightenment, justice and piety. Inheriting a great empire, he extended its boundaries and made his country a world power. Perhaps his greatest contribution to Mali history was the spread of its fame and prestige to other lands.

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He captured the city in 1325. As a Muslim, Mansa Mussa was impressed with the Islamic legacy of Timbuktu. On his return from Mecca, Mansa Mussa brought with him an Egyptian architect by the name of Abu Es Haq Es Saheli. The architect was paid 200kg of gold to built Jingaray Ber or, the Friday Prayers Mosque. Mansa Musa also built a royal palace (or Madugu) in Timbuktu, another Mosque in Djenné and a great mosque in Gao (1324-1325). Today only the foundation of the mosque built in Gao exists. That is why there is an urgent need to restore and protect the mosques that remain in Djenné and Timbuktu..





Mansa Mussa's pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 had made Mali known worldwide. The great rulertook 60,000 porters with him. Each porter carried 3 kilograms of pure gold, that is, 180,000 kilograms or at least 180 tons of gold (Reference: Volume IV UNESCO General History of Africa, pages 197-200). He had so much gold with him that when he stopped in Egypt, the Egyptian currency lost its value and as result, the name of Mali and Timbuktu appeared on the 14th century world map.




A relative, Abu Bakar the II, decided to find a way by sea to go to Mecca. Abu Bakar II is said to be Mansa Musa’s uncle. In 1324 while visiting Cairo, Mansa Musa reported how he became the King of Mali. He explained that he became King of Mali, his predecessor, Abu Bakar II (who belonged to the senior branch of the ruling family), decided to sail in order to discover what lies behind the Ocean, he had never come back .What Mansa Musa (who belongs to the Junior branch of the ruling family) said, then, was recorded by Ibn Amir Adjib, Governor of Cairo and Karafa.

Abu Bakar and his maritime expedition left the shores of Senegal and sailed in the Atlantic Ocean. They encountered so much difficulties and challenges that they came back to Senegal. Abu Bakar reorganized his expedition, took enough provisions and a huge army with him. This expedition has never been seen again. Today, there is a strong historical evidence pointing to the possibility that this Malian prince was the first one to discover America. In Brazil for instance, there is a presence of the mandinka language, traditions and customs.

In 1339, The Mossi king invaded Timbuktu. The Mossi caused a lot of corruption, killing and destruction in the city. The Mandika dynasty, however, succeeded in repulsing the invaders. Timbuktu remained under the protection of the descendants of Mansa Musa until 1434 when the Tuareg under the leadership of Akil Akamalwal invaded and captured the city. Akil was very pious. He respected the Ulemas or scholars. Akil reappointed Mohammed Naddi, a Sanhaja Tuareg as the governor of the city. When Mohammed Naddi died, Akil appointed his oldest son Umar to take his place. The Tuareg, later on however, spread so much injustice, corruption and tyranny, that Umar ibn Mohammed Naddi, the new governor of Timbuktu sought the help of Soni Ali Ber, ruler of the Songhai Empire.

In 1464, Soni Ali Ber conquered the city of Timbuktu. He came to Timbuktu as Emperor from Sokoto, in present-day Nigeria. His mother, Baraka, was from this area. Akil fled the city. Sonni Ali Ber knew he had to unite his Empire which was composed of Islamic people and those who kept their traditional African beliefs. He went so far that he took a Muslim name himself, in his attempt to placate Africans who had become followers of Islam. However, he resisted letting Islam or any other religion destroy traditional religions of Africa. That is what brought him into conflict with Muslim scholars. As Dr. Molefi Asante has written:

“One reason that Sonni Ali Ber had a peace keeping strategy, was that he wanted to reestablish the presence of African culture in religion, education, and traditions throughout the empire. He was a reformer. He cleaned out the religious leaders in the institutions of learning and replaced them with intellectuals who understood the African traditions of the people.”( Asante, Classical Africa, page 126)

As a result of this policy, many of the scholars fled to Walata which is the actual Mauritania. This is the reason why many of the manuscripts of Timbuktu are found in Mauritania. One of the generals of Soni Ali who is a devout Muslim by the name of Askia Mohammed could not tolerate the tragic treatment Soni inflicted on the Ulemas or scholars of Timbuktu.

Sonni Ali Ber was a planner, a fearless conqueror and he is cited in all the Tarikhs as the only Emperor who reigned 28 years, waged 32 wars, won 32 victories and was always the conqueror, never conquered. He developed the army administration, agriculture and irrigation techniques and tax controls. He died in 1492 when America was about to be discovered. His son Sonni Baro replaced him. Askia Mohammed, who was Sonni Ali Ber’s General, could no longer support the loose manner by which Sonni Baro handled the affairs of the State. So, he overthrew him and took the power in 1493.






Askia Mohammed recomforted the scholars, financially rehabilitated them and stood by them. In fact for all Islamic legal rulings on how to run the state, Askia Mohammed consulted the scholars. There are manuscripts in Timbuktu today where the answers to the questions of Askia are recorded. Under the Askia dynasty, Timbuktu prospered both intellectually and trade-wise until 1591 when the Moroccan army under the leadership of Pasha Mahmud ibn Zarqun sacked the city of Timbuktu.

The Moroccan army plundered the wealth of the city, burned the libraries, put to death many scholars who resisted them and deported many to Fes and Marrakech including the eminent scholar of Timbuktu, Ahmed Baba es Sudane meaning "Ahmed Baba, the black" as he preferred to be called.


The scholars of Timbuktu were righteous, devout and were not afraid of anything except GOD. It was in this context that when Pasha Mahmud tried to deceive the scholars by signing a treacherous treaty, the black eminent scholar and professor of Sidi Yahya University Mohammed Bagayogo objected and told the Pasha: " I would rather have you cut my hand up to the shoulder than to bear a false testimony." Hundreds of manuscripts left the city of Timbuktu under the Moroccan invasion to find their way to Fes and Marrakech.




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What caused the decline of Timbuktu?

When was Timbuktu discovered by Europeans?

How did Islam shape the development of Mali and of Timbuktu?

In the popular imagination, Timbuktu is the most remote and isolated part of the world. But 500 years ago, Timbuktu was the legendary city of gold. It was a transit point and a financial and trading center for trade across the Sahara. It dominated the gold trade. It was a place of mystery and faraway riches.

Timbuktu was founded in 1080 and within 300 years had become one of the era's most important trading points. Timbuktu was an influential Islamic intellectual centre, a cosmopolitan multicultural city of commerce and learning and the second-largest imperial court in the world.


When much of Europe was struggling out of the Dark Ages, the emperor of Timbuktu was having stunning mosques built, and thousands of scholars from as far as Islamic India and Moorish Spain were studying in the city.

Then it was a city of 100,000 and so rich that even the slaves were decorated with gold. In 1324, a king of Mali, Mansa Musa, traveled with a caravan of a hundred camels bearing 300 pounds of gold each (equal to perhaps $135 million today).

The legend of his wealth was recorded in maps, particularly the Catalan Atlas of 1375, which showed an African ruler enthroned like a European monarch with a crown on his head and an orb and scepter in his hand.

As recently as 1963, a famous British historian Hugh Trevor-Roper said: "Perhaps in the future, there will be some African history to teach. But at present there is none. There is only the history of Europeans in Africa. The rest is darkness."



Trever-Roper was wrong. Timbuktu was once a center of religion, culture, and learning, as well as a commercial crossroads on the trans-Saharan caravan route.

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Situated at the strategic point where the Sahara touches on the River Niger, it was the gateway for African goods bound for the merchants of the Mediterranean, the courts of Europe and the larger Islamic world. It was involved in a thriving commerce in gold, salt, and slaves. When the Renaissance was barely stirring in Europe, wandering scholars were drawn to Timbuktu's manuscripts all the way from North Africa, Arabia and even Persia.




In 1591, Moroccan soldiers invaded and looted Timbuktu, ending the city’s grandeur and taking thousands of inhabitants as slaves. By the time Timbuktu was discovered by Europeans, the palaces of its kings and other fine buildings had crumbled to dust.



Astronomy
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Chirfi Alpha Sane, an archivist in the Ahmed Baba Centre in Timbuktu, says there are lessons for the entire world in the 20,000 ancient Arabic manuscripts in the centre - some of which date back to the second century.

"There is everything here.

"Islamic law with lessons for peace through dialogue, as well as science, astronomy, medicine.


Timbuktu is one of the richest cities in Africa

Ismael Diadie Haidara, philosopher

"In Timbuktu these scholars said that gold came from the south, salt came from the north, money came from the lands of the white men, but they believed that wisdom and the word of God were to be found only in Timbuktu.

"That wisdom is here, in these manuscripts."


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"In the Middle Ages this was almost the centre of the world.

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Timbuktu philosopher and historian, Ismael Diadie Haidara, points out that Timbuktu, which was inhabited by Muslims, Christians and Jews for hundreds of years, has always been a centre of religious and racial tolerance.


"All three groups co-existed peacefully in Timbuktu up until the end of the 19th century.





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“The manuscripts of Timbuktu add great depth to our understanding of Africa’s diverse history and civilizations,”

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Researchers have been struck by the range of subjects that attracted Timbuktu’s scholars over several centuries and into the 19th century. Most of the first digitized ones are from the 17th through 19th centuries. The topics include the sciences of astronomy, mathematics and botany; literary arts; Islamic religious practices and thought; proverbs; legal opinions; and historical accounts.


These are works of law and history, science and medicine, poetry and theology, relics of Timbuktu’s golden age as a crossroads in Mali for trade in gold, salt and slaves along the southern edge of the Sahara. If the name is now a synonym for mysterious remoteness, the literature attests to Timbuktu’s earlier role as a vibrant intellectual center.




This is our family’s story,” he said, carefully leafing through the unbound pages. “It was written in 1519.”


The geography that has doomed Timbuktu to obscurity in the popular imagination for half a millennium was once the reason for its greatness. It was founded as a trading post by nomads in the 11th century and later became part of the vast Mali Empire, then ultimately came under the control of the Songhai Empire.


For centuries it flourished because it sat between the great superhighways of the era — the Sahara, with its caravan routes carrying salt, cloth, spices and other riches from the north, and the Niger River, which carried gold and slaves from the rest of West Africa.

Traders brought books and manuscripts from across the Mediterranean and Middle East, and books were bought and sold in Timbuktu — in Arabic and local languages like Songhai and Tamashek, the language of the Tuareg people.



Timbuktu was home to the University of Sankore, which at its height had 25,000 scholars. An army of scribes, gifted in calligraphy, earned their living copying the manuscripts brought by travelers. Prominent families added those copies to their own libraries. As a result, Timbuktu became a repository of an extensive and eclectic collection of manuscripts.




Moroccan invaders deposed the Songhai empire in 1591, and the new rulers were hostile to the community of scholars, who were seen as malcontents. Facing persecution, many fled, taking many books with them.




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Its rise to prominence began in the 11th century when it became a key location in trans-Sahara trade. Gold and slaves were moved up the Niger River from deep inside West Africa and were exchanged for fabric, tobacco and dates from the Mediterranean, as well as Saharan salt. By the 14th century two thirds of the world`s gold came from the Malian Empire and most of it passed through Timbuktu, which was then twice the size of London


Around that time a black African Emperor, Kanka Musa, within whose vast lands Timbuktu lay, stopped in Cairo on his way to Mecca. There he spent so lavishly that there was a devaluation in the city`s currency. From then on stories circulated in Europe of an African city whose streets were paved with gold, though European explorers didn`t make it there until the 19th century. The first to do so — and also make it back alive — was René Caillé in 1827. But he was distinctly underwhelmed. “A mass of ill-looking houses built of earth,” he wrote in his account of reaching the city of gold.




It is only relatively recently that the Timbuktu manuscripts came to the attention of the outside world, by which I mean the existence of thousands of texts written in Arabic, dating back 800 years and hidden for more than a century. Every week more manuscripts are being unearthed from their hiding places behind walls, down wells, in the sands of the desert.

In 2001 President Mbeki of South Africa visited Timbuktu to see the manuscripts for himself, hailed them as one of the continent`s most important treasures and allocated funds to help to conserve them as one of the first cultural projects of the New Partnership for Africa`s Development (Nepad). So far around 70,000 manuscripts have been recovered, the earliest dating to the 13th century, though three times that number are thought to be still out there. Alexio Motsio, likens the discovery of the manuscripts to the gold at the end of the rainbow: “A dream come true for an African conservator.”



The story of how Timbuktu came to possess such riches and why they were hidden for so long is one of the quest for knowledge, of power, conquest and pillage, and of how a town in Africa became one of the world`s greatest seats of learning, with its own university — the Sankore University — and 25,0000 scholars. And then lost it all.


The trade routes carried more than salt, gold and slaves out of Africa. They also carried Islam into West Africa. Arabic was the language of Islam, just as Latin became the language of Christianity. The sons of wealthy merchants in Timbuktu learnt to read and write Arabic so they could study Islamic texts, and a community of scholars and scribes arose. Though Timbuktu was to come under the control of several African emperors over the next few hundred years, it maintained its status as a centre of learning.



Then in 1593, at the height of the town`s aptly named Golden Period, Morocco invaded, expelling and exiling thousands of Timbuktu`s scholars. Though the truth is that the seeds of Timbuktu`s decline had been sown a hundred years before when Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas. Soon European kings and queens were getting their gold from across the sea. French colonial rule in the 19th century was the final indignity. When the colonial administrators seized and shipped several whole libraries of manuscripts to museums in France, families scrambled to hide their collections. The manuscripts literally went underground.


Today the rediscovery of the manuscripts is prompting a reappraisal of African history. Africa does have a written tradition after all, not just an oral one. As the manuscripts are slowly translated, the contents are revealed to include Islamic science and law, medicine, astronomy and most vitally and importantly, historic treatises, which tell of a pre-colonial Africa of empires and kings — all written by black African scholars.


Timbuktu is why writing didn`t spread farther into Africa, as it did in Europe? In West Africa literacy did spread down the length of the Niger, to other trading settlements as far as modern Guinea.

“Writing took the path of business and trade. Wherever business stopped so did the culture of writing. The Arabs didn`t penetrate the river either side. They followed it like a vertebrae.” And the dense tropical forests of much of West Africa acted as natural barriers to the spread of trade.

In Christian Ethiopia, literacy did become more widespread. And historians tell us that literacy is one of the building blocks of the modern nation state, something Ethiopia alone in Africa achieved before colonisation. Ethiopia, with its own standing army, was the only African power to repel a colonial advance, defeating the Italians at Adwa in 1896. Who knows what would have happened had literacy had the chance to gain a foothold throughout Africa?



John Knox`s translation of the Bible from Latin into English — didn`t occur in West Africa until the 19th century, when African scholars began to translate Arabic texts into local languages such as Songhay and Peul: the Ajami texts. But by then it was too late.

The French were already at the door and overnight the language of learning changed from Arabic to French. The manuscripts were hidden away until the French left, and as the years passed there were fewer and fewer scholars who could read them. The owners of the manuscripts hid them to save them. And for the most part they succeeded. Thanks to them an almost complete account of a people`s history has survived the ravages of time and termites to shine a new light on to the past of the so-called dark continent.


The relatively small city in Mali is over 900 years old and is home to manuscripts which date back to the 13th and 14th centuries.

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Tombouctou is the large northern-most region of Mali, comprised mostly of the Southwestern section of the Sahara desert. Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water.


The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. Koyra Chiini (koyra ʧiini, literally town language), or Western Songhay, is a variety of Songhai in Mali, spoken by about 200,000 people (as of 1999) along the Niger River in Timbuktu and upriver from it in the towns of DirÃ, Tonka, Goundam, and NiafunkÃ, as well as in the.



The Djinguereber Mosque (Masjid) in Timbuktu is a famous learning center of Mali built in 1327, and cited as Djingareyber or Djingarey Ber in various languages. Sankorà Madrasah, The University of Sankora, or Sankore Masjid is one of three ancient centers of learning located in Timbuktu, Mali, West Africa. Sidi Yahya is a mosque and madrassa of Timbuktu in the West African country of Mali dating back the early 15th century.




From 60 to 80 private libraries in the town have been preserving these manuscripts: Mamma Haidara Library; Fondo Kati Library (with approximately 3,000 records from Andalusian origin, the oldest dated from 14th and 15th centuries); Al-Wangari Library; and Mohamed Tahar Library, among them. These libraries are considered part of the "African Ink Road" that stretched from West Africa connecting North Africa and East Africa. At one time there were 120 libraries with manuscripts in Timbuktu and surrounding areas.


There are more than one million objects preserved in Mali with an additional 20 million in other parts of Africa, the largest concentration of which is in Sokoto, Nigeria, although the full extent of the manuscripts is unknown. During the colonial era efforts were made to conceal the documents after a number of entire libraries were taken to Paris, London and other parts of Europe.

Some manuscripts were buried underground, while others were hidden in the desert or in caves. Many are still hidden today. Effort began investigating the Timbuktu manuscripts to assess the level of scientific knowledge in Timbuktu and in the other regions of West Africa.

Thursday, April 29, 2010

Mystery Of The Sphinx Solved











Mystery Of The Sphinx Solved









Beaneath the Right ear of the Sphinx the Medu Neters spell out: "One God" is represented by a One stroke (meaning One) and a flag or an Axe (meaning God) inside of a square can be found, many do not know of this info but you can see for yourself by the picture I provided above.



We must EXAMINE things for ourselves , and not always rely on the media to explain the obvious thats right before our eyes, more info will be added later on to this mystery as time moves onward.

HOTEP.










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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_hieroglyphs
— nṯr, meaning "god"; the character in fact represents a temple flag (standard);


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8d/Sphinx_side_view.jpg/800px-Sphinx_side_view.jpg

Saturday, April 24, 2010

The Immaculate Birth of Queen Hatshepsut




QUEEN HATSHEPSUT

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In ancient Egypt it was common understanding that Pharaohs born to the throne were incarnations of the sun god. Like the Dalai Lama tradition of Tibet (and the oldest traditions of sovereignty in Britain, China, Japan, Mexico, South America, etc.) the ancient Pharaohs were Masters that were both secular rulers of the kingdom and religious leaders of the priesthood.




It is written that Queen (and Pharaoh) Hatshepsut was an example of this tradition.

The sun god, Amun, is even said to have described his immaculately born daughter of the virgin queen Ahmose Nefertari in his own words: "Her perfume blends with the perfume of the Land of Punt. Gold covers all her skin; she glitters like a star in the hall of Egypt's celebrations; she will rule Egypt and lead all humans."

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Pharaoh Hatshepsut making an offering to Horus.





Hatshepsut's nephew and stepson, Tuthmose III, was in line for the throne of Egypt, but he was still young, and so Hatshepsut, starting out as regent, took over.

She ordered expeditions to the land of Punt and had a temple built in the Valley of the Kings. After her death her name was erased and her tomb destroyed. The mummy of Hatshepsut may have been found out of place in KV 60.


Within the great temple of Luxor is illustrated the drama of the annunciation, conception and birth of Amenhotep (Amenophis in Greek) III the magnificent, a Pharaoh credited with bringing Egypt to its highest power in ancient times through great diplomatic and economic achievements.








The first scene depicts the god Thoth in the act of hailing the virgin queen Mut-em-ua, announcing to her that she is to give birth to a daughter.
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In the second scene the god Kneph (assisted by Hathor, the Sacred Cow) mystically impregnates the queen by holding an Ankh cross (a symbol of Alchemy) to her mouth.











As explained in an academic text, "This is the Holy Ghost, or Spirit that causes conception" (Natural Geneses. Massey, Vol. II). In the final scene the child is enthroned, receiving homage from the gods and gifts from men.



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When a calf was discovered to possess certain auspicious marks (is black, and has on his forehead a three-cornered white spot, and the likeness of an eagle on his back; the hairs of the tail are double, and a knot under the tongue) then it was paraded through the city with great ceremony as an incarnation of the god Apis.



Herodotus writes “By what the Egyptians say, the cow is made pregnant by a light from heaven, and thereafter gives birth to Apis.” This immaculate conception was revered as the god himself.

Plutarch concurs that the “Apis was a fair and beautiful image of the soul of Osiris.” A most ancient and powerful symbol of the Divine Mother is the Sacred Cow (Hathor-Isis).






APIS-OSIRIS





Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect. - Mathew 5:48


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THE IMMACULATE BORN APIS BULL AND SUPPLICANT


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The Twice-Born (i.e. Horus) are children of the Sacred Cow. And, as Plutarch asserts, the Divine Father of these Kabirs, or Divine Calves, is the Sacred Bull (Apis-Osiris) called “the lord of life forever.”

One who does not understand the esoteric symbols of this exoteric practice would likely pass it off as absurd and not recognize that it contains the very same drama of immaculate conception as the births of many world Messiahs.


The Divine Mother is immaculately fecundated by the Sacred Fire of the Holy Spirit and conceives a Divine Child. It is of interest to note that during his twenty-fifth year (2+5=7) the Apis Bull was drowned in a holy spring after which he was associated with Osiris, the dying and resurrecting god.

One is reminded that the drama of the Bodhisattva is to be born again (by incarnating the Father, Chesed = 7 Triumph) via the same (sexual) waters by which he must die (egotistically) in order to resurrect in perfection. In the words of the
Great Kabir.



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Virgin Births: Immaculate conception.



There are several examples of the myth of immaculate conception in religious literature:

Egypt - Luxor temple. Representation of Queen Hatshepsut.

Adonis - Babylonian god born of the virgin Ishtar.

Zoaraster - Born of a virgin 1500-1200 BC

Krishna - Born of the virgin Devaki around 1200 BC.

Indra - Born of a virgin in Tibet around 700 BC.

Buddha - Born of the virgin Maya around 600 BC.

Mithra - Born of a virgin in a stable on 25 December around 600 BC.

Dionysus - Greek god, born of a virgin in a stable, also turned water into wine.

Attis - Born of the virgin Nama in Phrygia around 200 BC.

Quirrnus - An early Roman saviour, born of a virgin.

Christ - From the virgin Mary in Bethlehem.

Friday, April 23, 2010

'Door To Afterlife' Unearthed At Karnak


'Door To Afterlife' Unearthed At Karnak




Analysis by Rossella Lorenzi | Mon Mar 29, 2010




An Egyptian excavation team has unearthed a 3,500-year-old door to the afterlife from the tomb of a high-ranking Egyptian official near Karnak temple in Luxor, Egypt's Culture Minister Farouk Hosni announced on Monday.






Engraved with religious texts, the six-foot-tall red granite door belonged to the tomb of User, the chief minister of Queen Hatshepsut, the long-ruling 15th century B.C. queen from the New Kingdom.

The door, known as a false door, was meant to be a threshold that allowed the deceased and his wife to interact with the world of the living.

This "interaction" was not eternal for User. More than 1,000 years after his death, during the Roman period, the massive false door was removed from the tomb and used in the wall of a Roman structure.

The uncle of the well-known Rekhmire, who was King Tuthmosis III's chief minister, User was a powerful man. He took office in the fifth year of Queen Hatshepsut's reign, about 1474 B.C.

User held the position of vizier for 20 years, also earning the titles of prince and mayor of the city. Viziers in ancient Egypt were powerful officials who oversaw the running of the kingdom's intricate bureaucracy.

A chapel of User was also found at Gebel el-Silsila, a mountain quarry site at Aswan, showing the importance of the post of vizier in ancient Egypt, especially during the 18th Dynasty.


Picture: courtesy of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities.




http://news.discovery.com/archaeology/door-to-afterlife-unearthed-at-karnak.html
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Tomb Of Ken-Amun, Royal Scribe, Unearthed In Egypt







Tomb Of Ken-Amun, Royal Scribe, Unearthed In Egypt

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Analysis by Rossella Lorenzi Apr 14, 2010
The elaborate burial tomb of an ancient royal scribe has been unearthed near Ismailia, 75 miles (120 kilometers) east of Cairo.

Dating to the 19th Dynasty B.C (1315-1201 BC), the burial is the first ever Ramesside-period tomb uncovered in Lower Egypt, Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said on Wednesday.

Built of mud bricks, the tomb consists of a rectangular room with a domed ceiling made of stone, and a deep square-shaped shaft. Inside the tomb, Egyptian archaeologists found a large limestone sarcophagus covered with inscriptions.

“It belonged to Ken Amun. He was the overseer of the royal records during the 19th Dynasty,” Dr. Mohamed Abdel Maqsud, the supervisor of the Department of Antiquities of Lower Egypt, said in a statement.

Indeed, the tomb’s walls were inscribed with the titles of the deceased and the names of his wife, Isis. The inscriptions revealed she was a singer of the god Atum.









Beautifully decorated, the tomb features scenes from the Book of the Dead, culminating with the famous vignettes from Chapter 125, which depict the critical judgment ceremony.

Called "Weighing of the Heart," this symbolic judgment involved weighing and comparing the deceased’s heart to a feather of Maat, goddess of Justice, Truth and Order.

If the heart is lighter than the feather, the deceased is judged worthy the company of the gods. If it fails, the heart is devoured by the crocodile-headed monster Ammit and the deceased is condemned to an existence between worlds.

Other important scenes in the tomb include a depiction of the goddess Hathor in the shape of a cow, as she emerges from the Delta marshes, as well as a scene of the four sons of Horus -- Imsety, Duamutef, Hapi and Qebehsenuef.

These were believed to protect the stomach, liver, intestines and lungs of mummified bodies.








“The scenes and titles in the tomb show that Ken-Amun, who in charge of keeping the royal records, was an important man,” Maqsud said.

According to Dr. Hawass, the finding will help provide information about the history of the Delta and the relationship between this area and the eastern border of Egypt.

While conservation and restoration work will begin at the tomb, excavations will continue at the site. Indeed, 35 other Roman-period tombs have been uncovered nearby.

Picture: Ken Amun's tomb in Tell el-Maskhuta; scenes from the Book of the Dead, Chapter 125; a group of women mourning Ken-Amun. Courtesy Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities


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http://news.discovery.com/archaeology/tomb-of-ken-amun-royal-court-official-unearthed-in-egypt.html


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Wednesday, April 21, 2010

WEIGHING OF THE HEART





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The ancient Egyptians believed that the heart recorded all of the good and bad deeds of a person's life, and was needed for judgment in the afterlife. After a person died, the heart was weighed against the feather of Maat (goddess of truth and justice).







The scales were watched by Anubis (the jackal-headed god of embalming) and the results recorded by Thoth (the ibis-headed god of writing). If a person had led a decent life, the heart balanced with the feather and the person was rendered worthy to live forever in paradise with Osiris.

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In the later version of the judgment, when the divine tribunal determines whether the deceased individual is worthy of eternal life, death marks the moment determining the immortality of the individual.

People are now considered either pure or evil, with the evil dying a second death to become mt, or damned. But the good become transfigured as akh or spirit. This divine judgment is expressed figuratively by the use of scales which were used by accounting scribes to weigh precious metals with objective calculation in treasury accounts.









At death, each individual becomes Osiris if declared justified or "true of voice", resuscitated into new life, as Isis did when she magically revived Osiris, and like Horus, who was declared as "telling the truth" in his physical and legal battles with Set over the inheritance of the kingship from Osiris.





The gods Osiris, Anubis, and Horus, from a tomb painting.


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Unambiguous references to scales of reckoning occur in the Coffin Texts, such as CT spell 335 and CT spell 452, the latter referring to "that balance of Ra on which Ma’at is raised,"; four coffins of the 12th Dynasty bear a text of CT spell 338in which the dead are polarized as good and evil.


This text refers to various divine tribunals, and asks that the deceased be vindicated against his foes just as the god Thoth vindicated Osiris against his own foes. One line reads, "the tribunal which is in Abydos on that night of counting the dead and the blessed spirits."





Ra (at center) travels through the underworld in his barque, accompanied by other gods
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In spell 125, the deceased is first led into the broad court of the Two Maats or Two Truths, to declare innocence of wrongs before the great god, and before the full tribunal of forty-two divine assessors, including Osiris and Ra.




Some of the denials reflect the precepts of the Instruction genre of Egyptian literature, whereby the father instructs a son or apprentice in the correct way to behave. Others are related to the priestly oaths of purity taken at the moment of entering priestly service. The style of the declarations are in the form of "I have not done X."



The illustrations, or vignettes, of the "weighing of the heart" often include the four sons of Horus as protectors of the internal organs of the deceased after mummification.


These were represented by the canopic jars. They were named Imseti, who was human-headed and guarded the liver, Hapi, who was baboon-headed, guarding the lungs, Dua-mutef, jackal-headed, guarding the stomach, and Qebeh-senuef, falcon-headed, for the intestines.

Monday, April 19, 2010

The Ancient Matrimonial & Patriotic System






HATHOR:

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The Patriotic system of belief centered around god as a male god or deity.

The Matrimonial System of belief centered around god as male and female deities, a Balance.

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Hathor represented the "Great Mother" feeding upon great mother earth".

The story goes RA was sick of man's sins and disrespect of his name, and sent Hathor (Sekhmet)to flood man out with her menstrual cycle. A group of men asked Ra to spare them and they promise to live upright.



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Actually the Goddess Eastre can be traced to the goddess Ishtar whom can also be traced further to Isis (IS) and Hathor - Hathor means House(hat) of Horus(Hor). Thus I conclude that "HTAR" is a semetic version of "HATHOR" and combined with IS to make Ishtar.


Hathors full name was Meri-Hathor, Meri is an egyptian version of Mary - in egypt hathor is the mother of horus - in bible mary is the mother of jesus and the word beth-elham a place were king david was also born thus a place of royal birth is an equivilent of hathor were Egytpian pharaohs are said to of be born from.

The goddes Ishtar, gave birth to Tammuz(thomas), just like Horus and Jesus, he was born a virgin, whos father is the Sun who is associated with healing and eternity. Tammuz is the equivilent of the greek god Dionysus - the word dionysus means Son(dion) of(y) God(sus) whom was born from the virgin goddess.

Ishtar - in caanite she is called Ashoreth, in pheonician she is called Astarte, in greek she is Aphrodite, and in norse she is Eastre. take note that most Norse gods can be traced to eastern roots for example "Odin" a name which is similer to Adon - Adonai - Adonis - Posiedon - names of which can be traced to its egyptian origin "Aten/Atem".

Take note that the word Posiedon roughly translated as "Lord God" whom appears in the Torah whom most attributes are nearly exact.






The warrior goddess Sekhmet, shown with her sun disk and cobra crown
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Image from a ritual Menat necklace, depicting a ritual being performed before a statue of Sekhmet on her throne, she also is flanked by the goddess Wadjet as the cobra and the goddess Nekhbet as the white vulture, symbols of lower and upper Egypt respectively who always were depicted on the crown of Egypt and referred to as the two ladies, and the supplicant holds a complete menat and a sistrum for the ritual, circa 870 B.C. (Berlin, Altes Museum, catalogue number 23733)

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RA told them to cover themselves in red dye, so she would think she covered that area.

As a result, she missed those men and earth could populate once more.
Now what we see here is the flood story - many did evil and then a back flip to the

Adam and Eve story, we know she ate the forbidden fruit, and blamed for the fall and evil in the world today.

Heru flooded out man for all his evil deeds, then history switched her cycle as a constant reminder of it.

Hathor is again pictured as the golden calf symbol of something evil, something negative, twisted in the bible as a idol god.

Contrary to most religious institutions you see, you see many statues being prayed too. So what does that say?

The Matrimonial System is applied here... transformed to a corrupt from the original verson, plagarism. Incorporated in our educational system and philosophies.
Corruption of the true spiritual story.

Just think about this.... what we need to understand first and foremost, is we were only told their version of the story.

This is not to make you believe ...... merely to present facts.

Do the research and make up your own mind.


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Exerts: Ashra and Meirra Kwesi speaks at the holy temple of Hathor

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Spirit of Sankofa example OF BALANCE in KMT......................


MALE ---- FEMALE
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ATUM
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SHU ----- TEFNUT
(The Air) ----- (The Water)


GEB ---- NUT
(Earth) ----- (Sky)
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From Geb & Nut came.....

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Asaru - Aset - Sutukh - Nebt-Het
(Osiris) - (Isis) = (Set) - (Nephthys)

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According to the People of Annu.....
ATUM emerge from the chaos of Nun and then produced all the Neteru without the benefit of a mate.

His son Shu, the Neteru of the air, was a result of a divine sneeze. The People of Hettahka (Memphites) one upped the People of Annu by declaring The Neter Ptah , Father of Atum.

The People of Khemennu (Hermopolitians) and the People of Wa-Set (Thebans) shared Amun, as a major Divine Force.




Em-Hotep

Friday, April 16, 2010

THE TRUE ORIGINS OF UNIVERSAL SCIENCE






The True Origins of Universal Science
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There is something about seeking the origins of history. Finding the truth about how rich Afrika was before it was invaded.
Many have tried to defile Afrika's rich knowledge. Yet we can see in this time, how she has infected the world's belief system.

Through many venues, but especially through their universal science belief. The world knows which is why we all can find witness of this is U.S. Currency. The Image of the pyramid and the all seeing eye.







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The Temple of Hathor at Dendera, Egypt.
By David Roberts, 1841.


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People came from all over the world to Africa. Some to learn, some to steal. Ultimately, the world benefited from Afrika's, uniqueness and their philosophies.

Afrikan / Egyptian science reinforces the idea that some of the wall carvings were indeed enforcing the ideal of transmission of electromagnetic forces.
Every symbol represented something.


Did Afrikan science offer both a scientific and esoteric purpose?
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The ancient Egyptians had many advanced scientific technologies, with much being found in picture form and in three-dimensional models throughout Egypt. Themes reflecting scientific knowledge and achievement can be found throughout the world in various ancient civilizations. These teachings seemed to center on electromagnetic energies.

Scenes depict scientists of that timeline able to work in fields of alchemy, biology, chemistry, dentistry, anesthesiology, air flight, and the electromagnetic energies of the Great Pyramid among other sacred sites - how that link together and to the sacred geometry that forms our universe. Much of the interpretation is left to those in our timeline to decipher.


Rare squared form of tet, at left. The heavy animal may be a ancient symbol for heavy electrons; the squaring may be an ancient way of referring to water. The tet might employ magneto hydrodynamic principles like ancient Egyptian and modern transportation technology, but it may employ it in obtaining energy from certain materials as well.

The study of science and medicine were closely linked to religion as seen in many of the ancient rituals. The "pouring" and "anointing" we see in so many Egyptian works is the application of electromagnetic forces and not the application of actual fluids. Much of this was linked with 'magic' of some sort - as many unexplained things did occur. These were often considered miracles.



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This image implies that something poured into the planet could cause spontaneous growth. The "pouring of water or an offering" and the outlandish angles at which it is being done tends to make it one of countless scenes reinforcing the idea that such scenes are instead showing the migration or transmission of electromagnetic forces. Every sacred symbol - linked to the gods - had a scientific as well as an esoteric purpose.
















The cathode-ray tube or "Crookes' tube" like object depicted in scenes from the temple of Hathor at Dendera may depict a relativistic source of these heavy electrons - which could drastically expedite the magical processes which involve these particular tubes.

The walls are decorated with human figures next to bulb-like objects reminiscent of oversized light bulbs. Inside these "bulbs" there are snakes in wavy lines. The snakes' pointed tails issue from a lotus flower, which, without much imagination, can be interpreted as the socket of the bulb. Something similar to a wire leads to a small box on which the air god is kneeling. Adjacent to it stands a two-armed djed pillar as a symbol of power, which is connected to the snake. Also remarkable is the baboon-like demon holding two knives in his hands, which are interpreted as a protective and defensive power.

In his book The Eyes of the Sphinx, Erich Von Däniken writes that the relief is found in "a secret crypt" that "can be accessed only through a small opening. The room has a low ceiling. The air is stale and laced with the smell of dried urine from the guards who occasionally use it as a urinal." The room is not so secret, however, as many tourists visit and photograph the room every year. Von Daniken sees the snake as a filament, the djed pillar as an insulator, and claims "the monkey with the sharpened knives symbolizes the danger that awaits those who do not understand the device." This "device" is, the reader is assured, an ancient electric light bulb.


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Gold Washing in Ancient Egypt

Crivelli has more recently advanced the theory that the gold symbol is the conventional sign for a portable furnace used for the fusion of gold, and that the rays represent the flames, which, 'as can be observed in the use of this type of furnace, are unable to ascend because the wind inclines them horizontally'.

In the later dynasties, the Egyptians themselves forgot the original significance of the sign and drew it as a necklace with pendent beads. Elliot Smith however says that this was the primitive form and became the determinative of Hathor, the Egyptian Aphrodite, who was the guardian of the Eastern valleys where gold was found.




Egyptian Goldsmith Workshop in the Pyramid Age

The gold mines in Nubia and other parts of the Egyptian empire seem to have been very efficiently designed and controlled, though with a callous disregard for the human element employed.

Alluvial auriferous sand was also treated, a distinction being made between the gold obtained in this way and that extracted from the mines. The latter was called nub-en-set, i.e. gold of the mountain, while alluvial gold was named nub-en-mu, i.e. 'gold of the river'. Auriferous sand was placed in a bag made of a fleece with the woolly side inwards; water was then added and the bag vigorously shaken by two men. When the water was poured off, the earthy particles were carried away, leaving the heavier particles of gold adhering to the fleece. There is a picture of this operation on one of the buildings at Thebes.

Mercury

Mercury (Greek-hydra gyros, liquid silver; latin-argentum vivum, live or quick silver) is stated to have been found in Egyptian tombs of from 1500-1600 B.C.

Metal and Mysticism

In the early centuries of our era, however, there gradually developed a mysticism among chemical writers due to Egyptian and Chaldean religious magical ideas, and there developed a fanciful relation of the metals as such to the sun and the planets, and as a consequence there arose the belief that it was necessary to confine the number of metals to seven.

Thus Olympidorous-in the 6th century of our era gives the following relation:

Gold - The Sun
Silver - The Moon
Electrum - Jupiter Iron - Mars
Copper - Venus
Tin - Mercury
Lead - Saturn

Metallurgy was by no means the only art practiced with conspicuous success by the ancient Egyptian craftsmen. Glass was almost certainly the invention, not of the Phoenicians, but of the Egyptians, and was produced on a large scale from a very early date.

Thursday, April 15, 2010

THE HU/SPHINX AND ANCIENT MYSTERY SCHOOLS OF THE ANU







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THE HU/SPHINX AND THE ANCIENT MYSTERY SCHOOL OF THE ANU

The pre-dawn on the vernal equinox in 10,500 BCE, with the sun 12 degrees below
the horizon, HU, the Great Sphinx, would have gazed directly at his own
celestial counterpart, the constellation of Leo which experienced it’s “helical
rising” at this moment. There is a relationship, in a scale of 1:43,200 that
exists between the dimensions of the Great Pyramid and the dimensions of the
earth. If you take the monuments’s original height (481.3949 feet) and multiply
it by 43,200 you get a quotient of 3,938.685 miles. This is an underestimate by
just 11 miles of the true figure for the polar radius of the earth (3949 miles)
worked out by the best modern methods. Likewise, if you take the monument’s
perimeter at the base (3023.16 feet) and multiply by 43,200 then you get
24,734.94 miles, a result that is within 170 miles of the true equatorial
circumference of the earth (24,902 miles) . . . . a minus-error of only three
quarters of a single percent.

Moreover, esoterically, at the Vernal (spring) Equinox of 10,500 BC, marking
the beginning of the Astonomical Age of Leo the DJESAH Pyramid (Giza
Egypt/Kemit) Plateau Complex located just west of the Nile River on a limestone
rock plateau at the earth’s 30 degree North Latitudinal Line; had the ground
plan position of the Sphinx Rock Sculpture and the 3 Pyraminds facing exactly
due east. Together they mimicked on the ground the celestial position of the
unique convergence of the Constellation Leo (rising helically due east above the
horizon) with the Constellation of Orion (Ori-Anu, aligned due south on the
dissecting north-south Meridian Line) in the sky over the Anu Djesah Pyramid
(Giza Egypt/Kemit) Plateau Complex. Consequently, in the sky at the spring
equinox of 10,500 BC, the celestial position of the Constellation Leo helically
rose exactly east of the Milky Way on the Eliptical Path of the Sun and
converged with the Constellation Orion (Ori-Anu) lying just west of the Milky
Way exactly on the north-south Meridian line at 9 degrees 20' ’latitude south in
the sky over the Anu Djesah Pyramid(Giza Egypt/Kemit) Plateau Complex.
Consequently, on earth at the Spring Equinox of 10,500 BC the gorund plan
position of the Sphinx Rock Sculpture pointed directly east across the Nile
River to the helically rising Constellation Leo on the eastern horizon. The
First (“Great “ of Khufu) Pyramid, the Second (Khefra) Pyramid and Third
(Menkare) Pyramid on the ground reflected their analogous celestial positions in
the Orion (Ori-Anu) Constellation as its Belt Stars of Al Nitak, Al Nilam and
Mintaka respectively. The Nile River flows south to north just east of the Giza
Limestone Rock Plateau on earth analogous to the celestial Milky Way spanning
the length of our galaxy just east of the Orion Constellation in the sky along a
south to north course.

Esoterically, prior to the Spring Equinox of 10,500 BC, from the Rule of the
Gods on Earth (34,525 BCE) to the evaporation of the Nile valley lakes (4,600
BCE) . . . . the astronomer, architecture and temple engineering priests of the
Ancient Egyptian Mystery School of Anu, known in the Bible as the School of On,
designed, surveyed and constructed the Djesah Pyamid Plateau Complex. It was the
main instructional university campus based on the 42 Books of DJEHUTI, the “Moon
God” and was the spirituality system initiation and training center of the Aten
Path. The leaders and staff of the Ancient Egyptian Mystery School of the ANU
from TA-NETJER (“God’s Land”) were by definition priests who had attained
spiritual deification and become ‘human gods’ called in the ancient documents of
Egypt/Kemit as the aakhu-hammet or ‘Sun People’. By 4241 BCE they had worked out
the Sidereal Calendar and by 4100 BCE they were using the PER-UM-HERU (“Book of
Coming Forth by Day”). The School of Anu trained amongst others Vizar Imhotep
(2650 BCE), Pharaoh Amenemhet III (“Memnon” 1843 to 1797 BCE), Pharoah-Queen
Hatshepsut (1484-1462 BCE), Pharaoh Thuthmoses III and IV, and his Prime
Minister YU-SEFI or YU-SEP (Joseph of the Bible, 1500-1429 BCE). At the Temple
of WA-SET built by Amenhotep III (1391 BCE), students Pharaoh Akhenaton and
Queen Nefertiti (1350-1340 BCE), Thales (600 BCE), Plato (400 BCE, studied 11
years), Socrates (15 years), Aristotle (11-13 years) Euclid (20 years), studied
along with Pythagoras, Solon, Archemides, Euripides, Herodotus and 80,000 other
students.

During the first half of the 18th Dynasty, Egyptian rulers began calling themselves “Thutmose” which means “reborn son of Thoth”. Thoth was the mispronounciationof Dje-Hu-Ti or Ta-Hu-Ti (shortend to Ta-Hut, Thut, and finally Thoth).

“Thoth, Thot, or Hermes as he was known to the Greeks is the last divine personage of the ancient pre-dynastic Anu. . . . To Thot we may attribute writing medicine, chemistry, law, rhetoric, the higher aspects of mathematics, astronomy and astrology, not to mention the early Egyptian understanding of the intricate dynamics of universal order. Thoth or Thot was divine mind. He was known as the messenger of the gods . . . . The word ‘thought’ is derived from this deity’s name Thot. Francis Barret said of Thoth, ‘If God ever appeared in man, he appeared in him.” Legend holds that Thoth was the grand architect of the Great Pyramid aided by a high priest named RA or Ra Ta, and Isis, as counselor and advisor. This is said to have taken place in the year 10,490 BCE. The fourth century philospher Iamblichus (330 CE), attributes to Thoth the writing of 1,100 books and Seleucus estimates no less than 20,000 of his works were done before the period of Menes. Eusebius saw but forty-two of these books in his time (360 CE). . . . Tradition declares that on the dead body of Thoth, at Hebron, was found by an initiate, the tablet known as the Smaragdine (the Emerald Tablet). . . . From this tablet evolved the key to comprehending the axioms of the universe and how they affect mankind; the book came to Be known as th KYBALION.’

--Wayne Chandler, Of Gods and Men: Egypt’s Old Kingdom, 1989

SO IF THE EGYPTIANS PRIOR TO AND DURING THE TIME WHEN MOSES WAS A STUDENT IN THEIR SCHOOL SYSTEM TAUGHT THAT "Utjenet (God’s Land), " ALSO CALLED "Khenthunefer" AND "Punt" WAS SOUTH OF ETHIOPIA NEAR THE MOUNTAINS OF THE MOON INHABITED BY THE ANU PYGMIES, WHY DOES MOSES WRITE THE BOOK OF GENESIS TO MAKE IT SEEM THAT THE GARDEN OF EDEN WAS IN MESOPOTAMIA?

ANSWER: BECAUSE "MOSES" WAS AN EGYPTIAN WHO WAS REJECTED BY THE EGYPTIAN PEOPLE FOR ATTEMPTING TO FORCE UPON THEM A NEW RELIGION NOT OF THEIR FATHERS. DESPERATE, MOSES WENT TO THE ONLY GROUP OF PEOPLE IN EGYPT WITH NO KNOWLEDGE OF GOD, A GROUP THAT MIGRATED INTO EGYPT FROM MESOPOTAMIA/SUMERIA, AND USING THE POWERFUL LEYDEN JAR CAPACITOR CAPABPLE OF PRODUCING 100,000 VOLTS OF ELECTRICITY (ARK OF THE COVENENAT), TOOK ADVANTAGE OF OF THE EARTH'S HEIGHTENED ELECTRICAL CONDITION CAUSED BY CELESTIAL EVENTS AT THAT TIME, AND LED THIS GROUP OUT OF EGYPT. NEEDING TO UNIFY THE HISTORIES OF THE MIXED MULTITUDE, MOSES EXTENDED THE BOAUNDARIES OF GOD'S LAND TO INCLUDE MESOPOTAMIA/SUMERIA AND CONCOCTED THE STORY OF ABRAHAM THROUGH JOSEPH. LATER WRITERS RE-WROTE MOSES' CONCOTED STORY TO SUIT THEIR OWN NEEDS, AND WHAT IS READ IN THE BIBLE TODAY IS NOT THE WORD OF GOD BUT A NOVEL WRITTEN BY MOSES AND HIS LATER REDACTORS.


Issembly For Rastafari Iniversal Education

MOUNTAINS OF THE MOON HOME OF THE ANU



MOUNTAINS OF THE MOON - REWENZORI MOUNTAINS*

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Our Most Respected brother Historian Dr. Ben's , theory is that the Annu people of the (Mountains of the Moon) bought agriculture, science and culture down the Nile River.
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In 9,600 BCE, the Bongo, Kango, Efe, Akka and Twa - the Anu peoples, lived in
the forest at the foot of BABA TIBA (“Mountains of the Moon”) (Mt. Ruwenzori,
east of Lake Kivu, Rwanda). The ANU say that in the beginning there was ELIMA
(supreme being), TA-HU (Sacred Tree) of TA-HU-TI (Moon God) on BABA TIBA
(“Mountains of the Moon”). The Anu gathered fruits, nuts and plants. When the
Anu could not find fruit, nuts, or plants to eat, they hunted the creatures of
the land for meat.The Anu listened to the sounds of the forests and learned to
mimic them, therby learning how to sing from the creatures of the air. With
their photograph aural memory preserving the intrusion of sounds, words and
legends in the most ancient form, virtually unchaged compared to the changes
that have occurred outside the forest, even among literate peoples, their
pronunciations may be the closest to the original.



TA-HATO, the Anubis “dog-faced” baboon was considered the most intelligent of
the land creatures. When the Anu found unknown fruits, nuts and plants, they
gave them to TA-HATO to test for human consumption. The Anu also followed
TA-HATO to the sources of water.










The Anu also watched the Sacred Ibis that appeared from time to time from the
northeast.



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“These Anu [Ethiopians] were agricultural people, raising cattle on a large scale along the Nile, shutting themselves up in walled cities for defensive purposes.

To this people we can attribute without fear of error, the most ancient Egyptian books, The Book of The Dead and the Text of the Pyramids, consequently all the myths of religious teachings.

I would add almost all the philospohical systems then known and still called Egyptian. They evidently knew the crafts necessary for any civilization and were familiar with the tools those trades required. They knew how to use metals . . .

They made the earliest attempts at writing, for the whole Egyptian tradition attributes this art to Thoth, the great Hermes, an Anu like Osiris, who is called Onian in chapter fifteen of The Book of the Dead and in the Texts of the Pyramids.

Certainly the people already knew the principal arts; it left proof of this in the architecture of the tombs at Abydos, especially the tomb of Osiris, and in those sepulchres objects have been found bearing the unmistakeable stamp of their origin - such as carved ivory . . . .

All those cities [Ant, Annu Menti, Aunti, Aunyt-Seni today called Esneh, Erment, Quoch, and Heliopolis] have the characteristic symbol which serves to denote the name Anu

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‘According to Amélineau: An means man [in Diola]. Thus Anu originally may have meant men.’



Cheikh A.Diop

Anu was also the Sumerian [African] name for the sky or sky god. An being the first cause [man]. The sky god whose wife was Antu in the Babylonian culture and Uras in the Akkadian or Sumerian was also on occasion called Ki. There symbol of authority was the ‘horned cap’ the headdress of heroes [Heru] and gods [mighty men]. His symbol is a sacred shrine surmounted by the divine horned cap (found on Babylonian boundary stones) and his sacred number is sixty. His sacred animal is the "Heavenly bull". Anu was worshipped at six cult centers. Anu is also known as Father and Kings of the Gods.

Who was the leader of those cities? One was called Nimrod, but there were many. The name Nimrod was used like Pharaoh or Nebus and was a Kingly title.


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Can Jerusalem and Anu [On] be the same place or two sides of the same coin? Let's look at Khemet to see if any of their kings or Pher-aa/Pharoahs exploits can be tied to Jerusalem.

The capture of Jerusalem/Kadesh by Thutmose III also resolves the formerly unknown source of the name Zion. Zion consists of the components On (Hebrew for the holy city of On/Heliopolis in Egypt) and the Hebrew word Zi (meaning arid place). Literally translated, Zion appropriately becomes "Holy City of the Desert." [House of Messiah. Ahmed Osman].

Jerusalem became a Holy City during the reign of Tutmoses III.

As an adult ruler, Tuthmoses III conducted 17 successful campaigns that served him a position as the most successful Pharaoh ever — in military terms. He extended Egyptian territory and power considerably, into Mesopotamia, Canaan [Megiddo] and Nubia. He fought the Syrians [Assyrians] seeking refuge in Meggido [as the Hebrew King David?]. The conquered territories were put under control of vassal kings and chiefs, who paid taxes to Egypt. He [Tut/David] extended the temple at Karnak, as well as constructing new monuments at Abydos, Aswan, Heliopolis and Memphis. His mummy was said to be found in 1881 at Dayru l-Bahri.


"So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And the days that David reigned over Israel were 40 years: 7 years reigned he in Hebron, and 33 years reigned he in Jerusalem. Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly." 1 Kings 2:10-12. The name David meant beloved.

The sacredness attributed to Jerusalem by the Egyptians initially derived from the transport of the Barque of Amun, a holy shrine carried on poles in much the same manner as the Israelite Ark of the Covenant, to the city by Thutmose III. The shrine was normally kept within the Holy of Holies in the Temple of Amun at Karnak, however Thutmose III had carried it with him into battle. It remained with him when he took up residence in Jerusalem during the prolonged siege of Megiddo.


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Amun with feathers--- strong similarity between the 10 commandment tablets on his head!
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The Jerusalem Jews were opposed to the Alexandrian [Egypt/Khemet] temple and jealous, because they saw it as a rival temple. When they got their version of the Septuagint [Greek version of the Old Testament Bible], they minutely altered the word for “Sun” (cheres) so that it read “Destruction” (heres) instead. Calling On/Anu the City of Destruction or Desolation instead of the City of the Sun or City of Righteousness. The Sun being the image/icon of the God of Righteousness.

The Septuagint [Greek] version speaks of On/Anu reads “ir-ha-zedek” = “a city of righteousness”, but the altered version reads “a city of destruction”. It is because of this tiny variation between the two versions of the Septuagint that the King James and Authorized versions have a marginal note about the alternative reading. The correct rendering is “City of the Sun”, or “Heliopolis” is City of Righteousness.


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Duly Noted:
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In the case of Anu/On they, the Biblical redactors, made the choice of tying idolatry, destruction or desolation to the name of the region to make it and the inhabitants and founders of that religious city, a curse and a shame in history, but why?

To make us believe that everything black is evil and cursed by the Creator and cause us not to question the role of Egypt in Hebrew life before and after the Bible was written.

Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Egyptian Gospels Pt 1







And in this way, the three powers gave praise to the great, invisible, unnameable, virginal, uncallable Spirit, and his male virgin. They asked for a power. A silence of living silence came forth, namely glories and incorruptions in the aeons [...] aeons, myriads added on [...], the three males, the three male offspring, the male races ...
(IV 55, 5-7 adds: ... the glories of the Father, the glories of the great Christ, and the male offspring, the races ...)
... filled the great Doxomedon-aeon with the power of the word of the whole pleroma.

Then the thrice-male child of the great Christ, whom the great invisible Spirit had anointed - he whose power was called 'Ainon' - gave praise to the great invisible Spirit and his male virgin Yoel, and the silence of silent silence, and the greatness that [...] ineffable. [...] ineffable [...] unanswerable and uninterpretable, the first one who has come forth, and (who is) unproclaimable, [...] which is wonderful [...] ineffable [...], he who has all the greatnesses of greatness of the silence at that place. The thrice-male child brought praise, and asked for a power from the great, invisible, virginal Spirit.

Then there appeared at that place [...], who [...], who sees glories [...] treasures in a [...] invisible mysteries to [...] of the silence, who is the male virgin Youel.

Then the child of the child, Esephech, appeared.

And thus he was completed, namely, the Father, the Mother, the Son, the five seals, the unconquerable power which is the great Christ of all the incorruptible ones. ...
... (one line unrecoverable)
... holy [...] the end, the incorruptible [...], and [...], they are powers and glories and incorruptions [...]. They came forth ...
... (5 lines unrecoverable)
... This one brought praise to the unrevealable, hidden mystery [...] the hidden ...
... (4 lines unrecoverable)
... him in the [...], and the aeons [...] thrones, [...] and each one [...] myriads of powers without number surround them, glories and incorruptions [...] and they [...] of the Father, and the Mother, and the Son, and the whole pleroma, which I mentioned before, and the five seals, and the mystery of mysteries. They appeared ...
... (3 lines unrecoverable)
... who presides over [...], and the aeons of [...] really truly [...] and the ...
... (4 lines unrecoverable)
... and the really truly eternal aeons.











Then providence came forth from silence, and the living silence of the Spirit, and the Word of the Father, and a light. She [...] the five seals which the Father brought forth from his bosom, and she passed through all the aeons which I mentioned before. And she established thrones of glory, and myriads of angels without number who surrounded them, powers and incorruptible glories, who sing and give glory, all giving praise with a single voice, with one accord, with one never-silent voice, [...] to the Father, and the Mother, and the Son [...], and all the pleromas that I mentioned before, who is the great Christ, who is from silence, who is the incorruptible child Telmael Telmachael Eli Eli Machar Machar Seth, the power which really truly lives, and the male virgin who is with him, Youel, and Esephech, the holder of glory, the child of the child, and the crown of his glory, [...] of the five seals, the pleroma that I mentioned before.

There, the great self-begotten living Word came forth, the true god, the unborn physis, he whose name I shall tell, saying, [...]aia[...] thaOthOsth[...], who is the son of the great Christ, who is the son of the ineffable silence, who came forth from the great invisible and incorruptible Spirit. The son of the silence and silence appeared ...
... (one line unrecoverable)
... invisible [...] man and the treasures of his glory. Then he appeared in the revealed [...]. And he established the four aeons. With a word he established them.

He brought praise to the great, invisible, virginal Spirit, the silence of the Father, in a silence of the living silence of silence, the place where the man rests ...
... (two lines unrecoverable)

Then there came forth at/from that place the cloud of the great light, the living power, the mother of the holy, incorruptible ones, the great power, the Mirothoe. And she gave birth to him whose name I name, saying, ien ien ea ea ea, three times.

For this one, Adamas, is a light which radiated from the light; he is the eye of the light. For this is the first man, he through whom and to whom everything came into being, (and) without whom nothing came into being. The unknowable, incomprehensible Father came forth. He came down from above for the annulment of the deficiency.

Then the great Logos, the divine Autogenes, and the incorruptible man Adamas mingled with each other. A Logos of man came into being. However, the man came into being through a word.

He gave praise to the great, invisible, incomprehensible, virginal Spirit, and the male virgin, and the thrice-male child, and the male virgin Youel, and Esephech, the holder of glory, the child of the child and the crown of his glory, and the great Doxomedon-aeon, and the thrones which are in him, and the powers which surround him, the glories and the incorruptions, and their whole pleroma which I mentioned before, and the ethereal earth, the receiver of God, where the holy men of the great light receive shape, the men of the Father of the silent, living silence, the Father and their whole pleroma, as I mentioned before.

The great Logos, the divine Autogenes, and the incorruptible man Adamas gave praise, (and) they asked for a power and eternal strength for the Autogenes, for the completion of the four aeons, in order that, through them, there may appear [...] the glory and the power of the invisible Father of the holy men of the great light which will come to the world, which is the image of the night. The incorruptible man Adamas asked for them a son out of himself, in order that he (the son) may become father of the immovable, incorruptible race, so that, through it (the race), the silence and the voice may appear, and, through it, the dead aeon may raise itself, so that it may dissolve.

And thus there came forth from above the power of the great light, the Manifestation. She gave birth to the four great lights: Harmozel, Oroiael, Davithe, Eleleth, and the great incorruptible Seth, the son of the incorruptible man Adamas.

And thus the perfect hebdomad, which exists in hidden mysteries, became complete. When she receives the glory, she becomes eleven ogdoads.




And the Father nodded approval; the whole pleroma of the lights was well pleased. Their consorts came forth for the completion of the ogdoad of the divine Autogenes: the Grace of the first light Harmozel, the Perception of the second light Oroiael, the Understanding of the third light Davithe, the Prudence of the fourth light Eleleth. This is the first ogdoad of the divine Autogenes.

And the Father nodded approval; the whole pleroma of the lights was well pleased. The came forth: the first one, the great Gamaliel (of) the first great light Harmozel, and the great Gabriel (of) the second great light Oroiael, and the great Samlo of the great light Davithe, and the great Abrasax of the great light Eleleth. And the consorts of these came forth by the will of the good pleasure of the Father: the Memory of the great one, the first, Gamaliel; the Love of the great one, the second, Gabriel; the Peace of the third one, the great Samblo; the eternal Life of the great one, the fourth, Abrasax. Thus were the five ogdoads completed, a total of forty, as an uninterpretable power.

Then the great Logos, the Autogenes, and the word of the pleroma of the four lights gave praise to the great, invisible, uncallable, virginal Spirit, and the male virgin, and the great Doxomedon-aeon, and the thrones which are in them, and the powers which surround them, glories, authorities, and the powers, the thrice-male child, and the male virgin Youel, and Esephech, the holder of glory, the child of the child and the crown of his glory, the whole pleroma, and all the glories which are there, the infinite pleromas the unnameable aeons, in order that they may name the Father the fourth, with the incorruptible race, (and) that they may call the seed of the Father the seed of the great Seth.

Then everything shook, and trembling took hold of the incorruptible ones. Then the three male children came forth from above, down into the unborn ones, and the self-begotten ones, and those who were begotten in what is begotten. The greatness came forth, the whole greatness of the great Christ. He established thrones in glory, myriads without number, in the four aeons around them, myriads without number, powers and glories and incorruptions. And they came forth in this way.

And the incorruptible, spiritual church increased in the four lights of the great, living Autogenes, the god of truth, praising, singing, (and) giving glory with one voice, with one accord, with a mouth which does not rest, to the Father, and the Mother, and the Son, and their whole pleroma, just as I mentioned . The five seals which possess the myriads, and they who rule over the aeons, and they who bear the glory of the leaders, were given the command to reveal to those who are worthy. Amen.

Saturday, April 3, 2010

The Gospel Of The Egyptians Introduction

"Gospel of the Egyptians" are one of 13 codex with groups of books included within each one. Removed and separared and deemed unworthy to be joined with the making of the Bible.

Nevertheless in EGYPT.... these books were discovered after being buried for thousands of years.

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The Nag Hammadi library comprises 13 books, known as codices according to the scientific name given to any collection of sheets folded in two and sown together. These books represent the oldest known specimens to date.



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TERMINOLOGY
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Apocryphal: refers to texts that bear a resemblance to canonical books and present figures from Christianity, but do not belong to the New Testament.

Coptic: refers to the Christians originating from Egypt.

Esotericism: a doctrine according to which some types of knowledge must not be disclosed to the general public, but reserved for a closed group of disciples.


Gnosticism: Gnosticism encompasses the various forms of religious thought in the Roman empire between the 1st century BC and the 4th century AC, and was mainly based in Alexandria. All these forms are strongly characterised by the duality between the material, which was rejected, and the spiritual. Gnostic thought was declared heretical by the Church.

Heresy: all the religious trends running parallel to Catholicism, but condemned by the Church as corrupting the dogma.

Hermetism: an obscure doctrine resulting from a series of texts traditionally attributed to Hermes.

Source Q: this term comes from the German Quelle, meaning source, and refers to the passages common to the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, also known as the double tradition.









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Translated by Alexander Bohlig and Frederik Wisse
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The holy book of the Egyptians about the great invisible Spirit, the Father whose name cannot be uttered, he who came forth from the heights of the perfection, the light of the light of the aeons of light, the light of the silence of the providence the Father of the silence, the light of the word and the truth, the light of the incorruptions, the infinite light, the radiance from the aeons of light of the unrevealable, unmarked, ageless, unproclaimable Father, the aeon of the aeons, Autogenes, self-begotten, self-producing, alien, the really true aeon.

Three powers came forth from him; they are the Father, the Mother, (and) the Son, from the living silence, what came forth from the incorruptible Father. These came forth from the silence of the unknown Father.

And from that place, Domedon Doxomedon came forth, the aeon of the aeons and the light of each one of their powers. And thus the Son came forth fourth; the Mother fifth; the Father sixth. He was [...] but unheralded; it is he who is unmarked among all the powers, the glories, and the incorruptions.

From that place, the three powers came forth, the three ogdoads that the Father brings forth in silence with his providence, from his bosom, i.e., the Father, the Mother, (and) the Son.

The ogdoad, because of which the thrice-male child came forth, which is the thought, and the word, and the incorruption, and the eternal life, the will, the mind, and the foreknowledge, the androgynous Father.

The second ogdoad-power, the Mother, the virginal Barbelon, epititioch[...]ai, memeneaimen[...], who presides over the heaven, karb[...], the uninterpretable power, the ineffable Mother. She originated from herself [...]; she came forth; she agreed with the Father of the silent silence.

The third ogdoad-power, the Son of the silent silence, and the crown of the silent silence, and the glory of the Father, and the virtue of the Mother, he brings forth from the bosom the seven powers of the great light of the seven voices. And the word is their completion.

These are the three powers, the three ogdoads that the Father, through his providence, brought forth from his bosom. He brought them forth at that place.

Domedon Doxomedon came forth, the aeon of the aeons, and the throne which is in him, and the powers which surround him, the glories and the incorruptions. The Father of the great light who came forth from the silence, he is the great Doxomedon-aeon, in which the thrice- male child rests. And the throne of his glory was established in it, this one on which his unrevealable name is inscribed, on the tablet [...] one is the word, the Father of the light of everything, he who came forth from the silence, while he rests in the silence, he whose name is in an invisible symbol. A hidden, invisible mystery came forth: